Architecture


Back-to-back house

A form of terraced houses in the United Kingdom, each sharing party walls on three of their four sides.

Caryatid

A caryatid is a sculpted female figure, usually clad in long robes, serving as an architectural support, taking the place of a column or pillar.

Devil’s door

Devil’s doors are blocked-up doors in the north wall of a church, once believed to have been an escape route for the Devil when he left a child as a result of the sacrament of baptism.

Lavatorium

A structure close to the refectory of a monastery, providing washing facilities.

Leeds arcades

Leeds has four Victorian shopping arcades built between 1878 and 1904. They are all listed buildings and still in use.

Piano nobile

A piano nobile, from the Italian meaning noble or grand floor, is the main floor of a Palladian or Georgian building.

Piece Hall

A rare example of a large-scale cloth hall – an exchange for trading woollen and worsted cloth “pieces” – that is largely intact.

Porte-cochère

A porte-cochère, from the French meaning “coach door”, also known as a coach gate or carriage porch, is a covered porch-like structure at a main or secondary entrance to a building that gives access to a vehicle while providing arriving and departing occupants with protection from the elements.

Sicilian Baroque

Sicilian Baroque is the distinctive form of Baroque architecture which evolved on the island of Sicily, off the southern coast of Italy, in the 17th and 18th centuries, when it was part of the Spanish Empire. The style is recognisable by its typical Baroque curves and flourishes, its grinning masks and putti, and a particular flamboyance that has given Sicily a unique architectural identity.

Spandrel

A spandrel is the roughly triangular space above and on either side of an arch.

Timber roof truss

A timber roof truss is a structural framework of timbers designed to bridge the space above a room and to provide support for a roof.

Victoria Tower

The Victoria Tower on Castle Hill overlooking Huddersfield was constructed as a permanent memorial for Queen Victoria’s Diamond Jubilee.