Law & taxation (40 pages found in this category)

1858 Bradford sweets poisoning

The 1858 Bradford sweets poisoning was the arsenic poisoning of more than 200 people in Bradford, England, when sweets accidentally made with arsenic were sold from a market stall in the town.

Act of Uniformity 1558

One of the Acts of Parliament collectively known as the Elizabethan Religious Settlement. It introduced a Common Book of Prayer, and obliged everyone to attend their parish church every Sunday and on holy days.

Arsenic Act 1851

The Arsenic Act 1851 (14 & 15 Vict c. 13) was passed by the United Kingdom Parliament in 1851, during the reign of Queen Victoria in response increasing public concern over accidental and deliberate arsenic poisonings.


Type of public house created in the United Kingdom by the 1830 Beerhouse Act, legally defined as a place “where beer is sold to be consumed on the premises”.

Benefit of clergy

Legally enshrined right of any clergyman facing prosecution for a felony in a royal court to have the case heard instead in an ecclesiastical court.

Benefit of Clergy Act 1575

Act of Parliament that removed the right of those charged with rape or burglary to claim benefit of clergy, and so to be tried in an ecclesiastical court.

Brick tax

Tax on bricks introduced in Great Britain in 1784 to help pay for the American War of Independence.

Bubble Act 1720

An Act of the Parliament of Great Britain to prohibit the formation of new joint-stock companies unless approved by royal charter.

Burial Act 1852

Act of parliament to prohibit burials in the metropolis of London.

Burning of women in England

Burning was a legal punishment imposed on women found guilty of high treason, petty treason or heresy. Over a period of several centuries, female convicts were publicly burnt at the stake, sometimes alive, for a range of activities including coining and mariticide.