Women's history


Black Friday (1910)

Black Friday was a suffragette demonstration in London on 18 November 1910, in which 300 women marched to the Houses of Parliament as part of their campaign to secure voting rights.

Cat and Mouse Act 1913

Formally known as The Prisoners Temporary Discharge for Ill Health Act, the Cat and Mouse Act of 1913 was intended to deal with the public outcry resulting from the treatment of suffragettes who went on hunger strike while in prison.

Convent of Poor Clares, Gravelines

The Convent of Poor Clares at Gravelines in the Spanish Netherlands (now in northern France), founded in 1607 by Mary Ward, was a community of English nuns of the Order of St Clare. Commonly called the Poor Clares, the order was founded in 1212 by Saint Clare of Assisi.

Dorothy Legh

Dorothy Legh (1565–1639) born Dorothy Egerton, also Dorothy Brereton, Lady of the Manor of Worsley, was a coal owner and benefactor of Ellenbrook Chapel near her home in Worsley, Lancashire.

Elizabeth Mallett

Elizabeth Mallet (fl. 1672–1706) was a printer and bookseller who produced Britain’s first daily newspaper, The Daily Courant, the first issue of which appeared on 11 March 1702.

Emma Lister-Kaye

Emma Lister-Kaye (1825–1905) was a colliery owner in Overton near Wakefield in the West Riding of Yorkshire from 1871 until 1905.

Evelyn Manesta

Evelyn Manesta was the name given by one of the three suffragettes arrested for damaging with hammers the glass of thirteen pictures in Manchester Art Gallery on 3 April 1913.

Florence Nagle

Florence Nagle, (26 October 1894 – 30 October 1988) was a trainer and breeder of racehorses, a breeder of pedigree dogs, and an active feminist. She successfully challenged the well-established leading gentlemen’s clubs of the racing and canine worlds over their gender inequality, and in 1966 became one of the first two women in the United Kingdom licensed to train racehorses.

Liber Poenitentialis

The Lieber potentialis is a set of 7th-century ecclesiastical laws applied to women – and only women – perfoming acts such as divination, raising storms, or murder by the use of magic.

Manchester Society for Women’s Suffrage

The Manchester Society for Women’s Suffrage, whose aim was to obtain the same rights for women to vote for Members of Parliament as those granted to men, was formed at a meeting in Manchester in January 1867.

Margaret Sibthorp

Margaret Sibthorp, née Shurmer, (c. 1835 – 23 May 1916) edited the “pioneering women’s periodical” Shafts from 1892 until 1899.

Mary Taylor

Mary Taylor (1817–1893), an early advocate for women’s rights, was born in Gomersal in the West Riding of Yorkshire, England.

Norah Wilmot

Norah Wilmot (1889–1980) was the first British woman racehorse trainer to officially train a winning horse. Her historic win came with her filly Pat, at Brighton in August 1966, just one day after she became one of the first two women to be granted a training licence by the Jockey Club.

Pit Brow Women

Pit brow women were female surface labourers at British collieries. They worked at the coal screens on the pit brow (pit bank) at the shaft top until the 1960s. Their job was to pick stones and sort the coal after it was hauled to the surface.

Punishment of Incest Act 1908

The Punishment of Incest Act 1908 (8 Edw. 7 c. 45) made it illegal for the first time in England and Wales for a man to engage in sexual intercourse with any female he knew to be his grand-daughter, daughter, sister, half-sister, or mother.

White Cross Army

The White Cross Army was an organisation set up in 1883 by philanthropist Ellice Hopkins with help from the Bishop of Durham, to promote “social purity”.

White poppy

The white poppy was introduced in 1933 by the British Women’s Cooperative Guild as a pacifist alternative to the Royal British Legion’s annual red poppy appeal.

Wife selling

Wife selling in England was a way of ending an unsatisfactory marriage by mutual agreement that probably began in the late 17th century, when divorce was a practical impossibility for all but the very wealthiest.

Women’s Suffrage Journal

The Women’s Suffrage Journal was a magazine founded by Lydia Becker and Jessie Boucherett in 1870, and focused on news of events affecting women’s lives.