Imaginary kind of afterbirth in the form of an “evil-looking little animal” especially attributed to Dutch women.

Sortes Biblicae

Method of divination used by some Christians to foretell the future by interpreting randomly chosen texts from the Bible.

South Lancashire Tramways

System of electric trams authorised by the South Lancashire Tramways Act of 1900. The South Lancashire Tramways Company built more than 62 miles (100 km) of track to serve the towns in south Lancashire between St Helens, Swinton, Westhoughton and Hulton Lane where it met the Bolton Corporation system.

South Wheal Frances

Copper and tin mine to the south of Camborne in Cornwall, named after the mineral lord, Lady Frances Basset

Southport Pier

Pleasure pier in Southport, Merseyside, England. Opened in August 1860, it is the oldest iron pier in the country.


Roughly triangular space above and on either side of an arch.

Spell (magical)

Verbal charm to be spoken or chanted, sometimes a single magic word such as Abracadabra or the Renervate encountered in the fictional Harry Potter series of books.

Spirit photography

Technique popular in the 19th century to capture the invisible spirits of the deceased.

Sponging house

A sponging house was a place of temporary confinement for those arrested for non-payment of a debt.