A beerhouse was a type of public house created in the United Kingdom by the 1830 Beerhouse Act, legally defined as a place “where beer is sold to be consumed on the premises”.[1] Existing public houses were issued with licences by local magistrates under the terms of the Retail Brewers Act 1828, and were subject to police inspections at any time of the day or night.[2] Proprietors of the new beerhouses, on the other hand, simply had to buy a licence from the government costing two guineas per annum,[3] equivalent to about £170 as of 2018.[4] Until the Wine and Beerhouse Act 1869 gave local magistrates the authority to renew beerhouse licences, the two classes of establishment were in direct competition.[5]