See caption
Stool of repentance and branksRedirected to scold's bridle., Holy Trinity Church, St. Andrews
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Buttock mail, or buttock hire,[1] was the colloquial term for a fine imposed by the ecclesiastical courts in Scotland as a punishment for sexual intercourse outside of wedlock. It could be paid to the church as an alternative to the public humiliation of being confined to the cucking stoolChair used as a punishment for those accused of offences such as drunkenness, sexual impropriety or dishonest trading., or stool of repentance, which was the usual punishment for fornication.[2]

Buttock was a Scottish term for a prostitute;[3] the word mail, in the sense of a tribute or rent, derives from the old Scandinavian word mál, meaning “speech, agreement”, or “payment” in Old English.[4]