Stocks

Device used to publicly humiliate those found guilty of minor offences.

Pillory

Device used to publicly humiliate those found guilty of minor offences.

Cucking Stool

Chair used as a punishment for those accused of offences such as drunkenness, sexual impropriety or dishonest trading.

Buttock Mail

Fine payable to the ecclesiastical courts for the crime of fornication, as an alternative to a session on the stool of repentance.

Jougs

Metal collar formerly used as an instrument of punishment in Scotland.

Branks

Redirected to scold’s bridle.

Scold’s Bridle

Device used to punish women whose language was considered to be unacceptable.

Ducking stool

Seesaw-like device for the punishment of disorderly women, scolds and dishonest tradesmen.