The Church of St Edward the Confessor (in full, the Parish Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary and St Edward the Confessor[1]) is a place of worship in Romford, in the London Borough of Havering. It is an Anglican church in the Diocese of Chelmsford. The building dates from 1849–1850, and replaced an earlier church which was demolished in the mid-19th century; there has been a religious building on the site since the end of the 14th century. The current church was completed to a Victorian Gothic design by the English architect John Johnson,[2] and was designated a Grade II* listed building by English Heritage in 1952.

History


Church of 1410

Romford’s earliest known place of worship was a small chapel, dedicated to Saint Andrew (after its then-parish church, the local priory of St Andrew, Hornchurch), in Old Church, an area of the borough that still exists today. The chapel was established in 1177 and was built near to the River Rom, from which Romford takes its name. The chapel existed into the late 14th century but fell into ruin, and it was eventually demolished. Oldchurch, which is inside Romford’s ring road, takes its name from the Old Church of 1177.[1]

See caption
St Edward the Confessor, Market Place, Romford
Source: Wikimedia Commons

A new church was built on the site of the present building towards the end of the 14th century, and was completed in 1410. The grounds were consecrated by Henry Chichele, Bishop of St David’s, on 23 March that year, and dedicated to the Virgin Mary and St Edward the Confessor. The church had a chancel, a naveCentral part of a church, used by the laiety., an extended north aisle – which was longer than its predecessor by 28 feet (9 m) and wider by 14 feet (4 m) – and featured a brick tower housing a ring of five bells. A gallery was later built within the western part of the building, in which a charity for orphaned children was later founded.[1]

By 1710 the orphanage had become the St Edward’s School and moved to a separate building in Romford’s Market Place in 1728. Almost 30 years later a replacement weight-driven clock was installed, and three bells were added to the peal. The building remained in use until 1844 when work on a new church to the east of the Market Place (now the war memorial in Main Road) was started.[1]

The new building in Main Road was designed by Edward Blore and existed as a chapel, only. Halfway through construction the planners decided to relocate the town’s church back to Market Place.[3] The last services were held at the old church in Market Place in 1849 before it was demolished.[1] Blore’s chapel in Main Road continued as a burial ground, hence the current collection of c. 19th-century headstones at the back of the park; it was eventually demolished in 1953.[3]

Current building


The current building in Market Place was designed by the English architect John Johnson,[4] who went on to design the Alexandra Palace and its associated buildings in 1874;[5] the contractor was John Kelk, with whom Johnson would often work. The foundation stone was laid on 14 July 1849 by the Conservative politician Thomas William Bramston, who was then member of parliament for Romford.[4] The church was consecrated on 19 September 1850 by George Murray, Bishop of Rochester.[1] To pay for its construction, £2,500 was borrowed from financiers, £1,000 was given by New College, Oxford, and the remainder was raised by grants and private subscription. The building work cost £8,000,[4] equivalent to almost £1 million as at 2019.[a]

Johnson’s designs were in the gothic style of the 14th century. It was built using Kentish Ragstone with Bath stone dressings. Some of the materials came from John Nash’s Quadrant in Regent Street, London, which was at that time being demolished. This may account for the many carved corbels depicting the heads of kings, queens, bishops, the Green Man, a veiled woman and sundry other heads with unusual head dresses.[1] The stained glass window on the east of the building is by Charles Edmund Clutterbuck, and the three in the south chapel are by William Wailes.[4] The wall that separates the churchyard from the Market Place may be contemporary, and could date to around the time of the building of the second church in the 14th century.[7]

The church sustained some minor damage during the Second World War. During the renovations a year later, in 1944, an electric clock and chime bells were installed,[1] perhaps to replace the bells that had been requisitioned for the war effort.[8] The church was recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II* listed building on 4 July 1952.[4] By 1965 the school had moved to London Road, and become a secondary school. A new organ was installed in the west gallery of the church in 1979, and five years later the Church House was restored. A major renovation took place in 1988, which included the installation of under-floor heating and the conversion of the fixed pews to free-standing ones.[1]

Interior


See caption
Memorial dedicated to Sir Anthony Cooke
Source: Wikimedia Commons

The church consists of a nave of five bays with clerestory, north and south aisles, chancel, Lady Chapel and west gallery; two vestries were added in 1885. The south wall in the chancel features a monument to George Hervey, and on the north wall there is a memorial to Sir Anthony Cooke, an eminent humanist scholar who died in 1576.[9]

Citations



Bibliography


Cherry, B., O’Brien, C., & Pevsner, N. (2005). London 5: East. Yale University Press.
Essex Churches. (n.d.). St Edward The Confessor’s Church, Romford. http://www.essexchurches.info/church.aspx?p=Romford
Freeman, K. (n.d.). The bells, too, are fighting: The fate of European church bells in the Second World War. Canadian Journal of History. https://www.thefreelibrary.com/%22The+bells,+too,+are+fighting%22%3A+the+fate+of+European+church+bells+in...-a0196439858
Historic England. (n.d.). Alexandra Palace including former Alexandra Palace Station to North. National Heritage List for England. https://historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1268256
Historic England. (n.d.). Parish Church of St Edward the Confessor. National Heritage List for England. https://historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1358535
MeasuringWorth. (2020). Five Ways to Compute the Relative Value of a UK Pound Amount, 1270 to Present. https://www.measuringworth.com/calculators/ukcompare/
St. Edward’s. (n.d.). The Parish Church of St. Edward the Confessor, Romford. https://www.stedwardsromford.com/history
Staff writer. (1850, September 21). New Church of St. Edward, Romford, Essex. The Illustrated London News, 249.
Staff writer. (1850, September 20). Romford. Chelmsford Chronicle, 2.

Notes


  1. Using the GDP deflator calculation at MeasuringWorth.[6]