Henry Ernest Milner (18 April 1845 – 10 March 1906) was an English civil engineer and landscape architect. He was the son of landscape architect Edward Milner and his wife, Elizabeth Mary Kelly, the eldest of their eleven children. Born in Liverpool, he was educated by private tutor in Germany and France. In 1869 he married Mary Dickey, daughter of Canadian Senator Robert B. Dickey. The couple had two children: a son, Barry Ernest, and a daughter, Winifred; she married Edward White who was trained in, and ultimately took over, his father-in-law’s landscape architecture practice.[1]

Career


Milner’s engineering career began in London during 1862, when he was employed by Morton Peto. He remained in London until 1864, when he travelled to Russia on an assignment to carry out work on railways as an assistant engineer.[1] During 1868 he moved to Nova Scotia where he was the resident engineer on the Windsor and Annapolis Railway.[1] He worked with his father’s company after returning to England,[2] becoming a full partner in 1881.[3] Among the commissions he undertook were: Ashtead Park;[3] Victoria Park in Glossop;[2] and Overtoun BridgeOvertoun Bridge, over the Overtoun Burn on the western approach road to Overtoun House, near Dumbarton in West Dunbartonshire, Scotland has attracted international media attention because of the number of dogs that have reportedly leapt from it, often to their deaths after landing on the rocks below. in West Dunbartonshire for Lord OvertounJohn Campbell White, 1st Baron Overtoun JP, DL (21 November 1843 – 15 February 1908), was a Scottish chemical manufacturer, supporter of religious causes, philanthropist and Liberal politician .[4] He was elected to membership of the Institution of Civil Engineers in 1878.[1] Working abroad again by 1885, he was commissioned by Count Tasziló Festetics to redesign the landscaping around the recently expanded Festetics Palace in Keszthely, Hungary.[1][5] He returned several years later, in 1893, to do further work.[6] Around 1895 Milner was trading from a business address in Westminster, London.[7]

Following the 1890 publication of his book, The Art and Practice of Landscape Gardening, Milner was hired to plan several notable projects.[1] These included the designs for the 250-acre (101 ha) grounds surrounding Sir Edward Watkin’s tower at Wembley Park; although the gardens, which incorporated architectural features like a fountain, were completed, financial constraints and problems with the foundations of the tower meant only the first level was built and that was knocked down in 1907.[8][9][10] He was also commissioned to design the gardens at Friar Park for Sir Frank Crisp[1] and the parterre at Gatton Park under instructions from Sir Jeremiah Colman.[11]

The Royal Horticultural Society instigated an award for British horticulturists in 1897 to be given to people the officials of the society “considered deserving of special honour”.[12] Styled as the Victoria Medal of Honour, Milner was listed as one of the first sixty individuals awarded it.[1] Two years later, in 1899, he was presented with the Swedish North Star award for several contracts he had undertaken in the Royal Gardens.[1]

Death and legacy


Milner died at his home, 119 Gipsy Hill, Norwood, on 10 March 1906. He is buried in Darley.[1]

Citations



Bibliography


Dictionary of Scottish Architects. (n.d.). H E Milner. Retrieved from http://www.scottisharchitects.org.uk/architect_full.php?id=205481
Elliott, B. (2004). Milner, Henry Ernest (1845–1906). In Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online). Oxford University Press.
Gatton Trust. (n.d.). The Park & Gardens, the Parterre. Retrieved from http://www.gattonpark.com/parkandgardens.html
Historic Environment Scotland. (n.d.). Overtoun House, Bridge at Garshake Drive (Ref:24908). Retrieved from http://data.historic-scotland.gov.uk/pls/htmldb/f?p=2200:15:0::::BUILDING,HL:24908,Overtoun%20Bridge
Milner, H. E. (1890). The Art and Practice of Landscape Gardening. Simpkin, Marshall, Hamilton, Kent. Retrieved from https://archive.org/stream/artpracticeoflan00miln_0#page/106/mode/2up
Olmsted, F. L., Beveridge, C. E., & Carr, E. (2013). The Papers of Frederick Law Olmsted: The Early Boston Years, 1882–1890. JHU Press.
Rowley, T. (2006). The English Landscape in the Twentieth Century. Black.
Staff writer. (1907). The Builder.
Staff writer. (1892). Industries and Iron.
University of Pannonia. (n.d.). Georgikon Botanical Garden. Retrieved from http://www.georgikon.hu/tanszekek/novtud/english/Georgikon%20Botanical%20Garden.html
University of Reading. (n.d.). Milner White collection. Retrieved from https://www.reading.ac.uk/merl/collections/Archives_A_to_Z/merl-AR_MW.aspx