The Militia Ordinance was passed by the Parliament of England on 15 March 1642. By asserting the right to appoint military commanders without the king’s approval, it was a significant step in the events leading to the outbreak of the First English Civil War in August that year.
The 1641 Irish Rebellion had led to widespread support in England for the raising an army to suppress it. But as relations between Charles I and parliament deteriorated, each side began to fear that such a force might be used against them. After Charles was foiled in his efforts on 4 January 1642 to arrest the Five MembersFive members of parliament whom King Charles tried to have arrested in the House of Commons on 4 January 1642. of parliament whom he had accused of treason, the King left London the following day and headed north to York; over the next few weeks he was joined by many Royalist members of the Commons and House of Lords. The exodus resulted in a parliamentary majority in the Lords, which approved the Militia Ordinance on 5 March 1642, while confirming that doing so was not a violation of the Oath of Allegiance.
The bill was returned to the Commons for approval the same day, then passed to Charles for his royal assent, required for it to become a legally binding Act of Parliament. When he refused, parliament declared on 15 March 1642 that “the People are bound by the Ordinance for the Militia, though it has not received the Royal Assent”. Charles responded to this unprecedented assertion of parliamentary sovereignty by issuing Commissions of Array, although these were little more than statements of intent, with little practical impact on the raising of armies.
Parliament continued to pass and enforce Ordinances throughout the 1640s, most of which were declared void after the 1660 Restoration of the Monarchy; an exception was the 1643 excise duty.
The technical storage or access is strictly necessary for the legitimate purpose of enabling the use of a specific service explicitly requested by the subscriber or user, or for the sole purpose of carrying out the transmission of a communication over an electronic communications network.
The technical storage or access is necessary for the legitimate purpose of storing preferences that are not requested by the subscriber or user.
The technical storage or access that is used exclusively for statistical purposes.The technical storage or access that is used exclusively for anonymous statistical purposes. Without a subpoena, voluntary compliance on the part of your Internet Service Provider, or additional records from a third party, information stored or retrieved for this purpose alone cannot usually be used to identify you.
The technical storage or access is required to create user profiles to send advertising, or to track the user on a website or across several websites for similar marketing purposes.