Penny theatres, also known as penny gaffs, were a popular form of entertainment in the poorer areas of English Victorian cities.Gaff was a term used to describe any public place of amusement, and penny referred to the entrance fee for this low-class form of theatre or music hall. The lowest type of gaff was known as a blood-tub, or in Scotland as a geggie.
Shows featured melodramas, music-hall artists and plays by Shakespeare, in performances lasting for no more than an hour, repeated many times during the course of an evening. Venues ranged from dwelling houses and shops, with room for only a very small audience, to the Blackfriars Rotunda in London, which could accommodate an audience of a thousand, and for the more discerning patron offered superior seating for two or three pence.
The technical storage or access is strictly necessary for the legitimate purpose of enabling the use of a specific service explicitly requested by the subscriber or user, or for the sole purpose of carrying out the transmission of a communication over an electronic communications network.
The technical storage or access is necessary for the legitimate purpose of storing preferences that are not requested by the subscriber or user.
The technical storage or access that is used exclusively for statistical purposes.The technical storage or access that is used exclusively for anonymous statistical purposes. Without a subpoena, voluntary compliance on the part of your Internet Service Provider, or additional records from a third party, information stored or retrieved for this purpose alone cannot usually be used to identify you.
The technical storage or access is required to create user profiles to send advertising, or to track the user on a website or across several websites for similar marketing purposes.