The Records of the Past Exploration Society was set up in 1900 by Reverend Henry Mason Baum in Washington, D.C. Membership was made up of academics with degrees, church leaders and professionals, especially those with an interest in archaeology.[1] Baum was particularly interested in biblical archaeology, but was also experienced in American antiquities.[2]

The society published a journal, Records of the Past, the first edition of which was published in 1902;[3] it continued to be published until 1914.[4] Some of the journal’s main topics included anthropology, archaeology and history.[5] It established a reputation for carrying high-quality articles from a team of notable authors, and according to the historian Hal Rothman,[6] “acknowledged experts”.[1]



Kammen, Michael. Mystic Chords of Memory: The Transformation of Tradition in American Culture. Knopf Doubleday Publishing, 2011.
Lee, Ronald F. “The Antiquities Act, 1900-06.” The Antiquities Act of 1906, 2001 electronic, National Park Service, 1970,
Meade, C. Wade. Road to Babylon: Development of U.S. Assyriology. Brill, 1974.
Noland, Claire. “Hal Rothman, 48; Writer Took Academic Approach to Modern Las Vegas.” Los Angeles Times, 1 Mar. 2007.
Rothman, Hal. Preserving Different Pasts: The American National Monuments. University of Illinois Press, 1989.
Thompson, Raymond Harris. “The Antiquities Act of 1906 by Ronald Freeman Lee.” Journal of the Southwest, vol. 42, no. 2, 2000, pp. 197–269,