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Cover page of November 1927 edition
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The National Review was a right-wing magazine supporting the Conservative Party, founded in 1883 by the English writers Alfred Austin and William Courthope, its first joint editors.[1][2] It was initially funded by the Cecil Club, a secretive British dining club with close links to the Conservative Party, which survives in the form of the equally secretive United and Cecil Club today.[3][4]

Admiral Frederick Maxse bought the magazine in 1893 and presented it to his son, Leopold James Maxse, who immediately replaced Alfred Austin as editor. Leopold was succeeded in that role following his death in 1932 by his sister, Violet Georgina Maxse, Lady Milner, who held the post for sixteen years.[5]

The magazine absorbed The English ReviewLiterary magazine published from 1908 until 1937. in 1937, and in 1950 was renamed the National and English Review, which ran until 1960.[6]


  • (1883–1887) Alfred Austin with William Courthope
  • (1887–1893) Alfred Austin
  • (1893–1932) Leopold Maxse
  • (1932–1948) Violet Georgina Maxse
  • (1948–1954) Edward Grigg
  • (1954–1960) John Grigg



Griffiths, Dennis. The Encyclopedia of the British Press, 1422–1992. Macmillan Press, 1992.
Jones, P., et al. Sources in British Political History 1900–1951. Garland Publishing, 1985.
Staff writer. Wealthy Tory Backers Jet in for Gala Dinner Held by Secretive Members Club.
University of Pennsylvania. The National Review.