Urban districts were local government administrative areas that had district councils (UDC), which shared local government responsibilities with a county council. They were created by the Local Government Act of 1894 (57 &58 Vict, c58) and replaced the system of sanitary boards with urban and rural district councils.[1]

Urban districts had more local government functions than the sanitary boards and were run by councils with elected councillors. The Act made it “compulsory for parishes with a death rate over 2.34 % to establish a Board of Health” Urban districts contained small towns and by 1965 there were 548 in England and Wales. Urban districts were abolished in 1974.[1]



Vision of Britain. (n.d.). Status details for Urban District. Retrieved from https://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/types/status_page.jsp?unit_status=UD