Atherton Town Hall
Source: Wikimedia Commons

Atherton Urban District was from 1894 to 1974 a local government district in Lancashire, England. In 1974 the urban district was abolished and its former area was transfered to the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan in Greater Manchester.

The villA vill was the smallest administrative unit of the state in feudal England, equivalent to a modern civil parish. or township of Atherton historically lay in the large ecclesiastical parishAncient or ancient ecclesiastical parishes encompassed groups of villages and hamlets and their adjacent lands over which a clergyman had jurisdiction. of Leigh and became a constituent member of Leigh Poor Law Union Leigh Poor Law Union was established on 26 January 1837 in accordance with the Poor Law Amendment Act of 1834. The union covered the townships of Astley, Atherton, Bedford, Pennington, Tyldesley with Shakerley and Westleigh all in the ancient parish of Leigh plus Culcheth, Lowton and part of Winwick. when it was created in 1837.[1] Atherton was a local government district in Lancashire from 1863 to 1974.

History


In 1863 Atherton Local Government District was created when the township adopted the Local Government Act 1858. A local board[a] Local boards were set up to improve the sanitary condition of towns in England and Wales by placing responsibility for the supply of water, sewerage, drainage and so on under a single body. was formed to govern the town. The Local Government Act 1894 added part of the township to Leigh Urban District and reconstituted the rest of the township as an urban district, with Atherton Urban District Council replacing the local board.[1] The urban district council consisted of fifteen members, elected from five wards—Central, North, East, South, and West.[2][3] In 1974 Atherton Urban District was abolished by the Local Government Act 1972 and its former area transferred to Greater Manchester to form part of the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan.

Arms


Atherton Urban District Council was granted a coat of arms on 29 May 1951. Two black diamonds on the shield reference coal mining and the lion’s leg is taken from the arms of the Powys family, who were lords of the manor after the second Lord Lilford married the Atherton heiress Atherton Hall was a country house and estate in Atherton in Lancashire, England, built between 1723 and 1742 in 1797. A shuttle and a millrind represent the town’s cotton and engineering industries. The sparrowhawk is from the arms of the Atherton family. Its motto, CONSILIO ET PRUDENTIA means by counsel and by wisdom.[4]

Citations



Bibliography


Great Britain Historical GIS Project. (2004). Atherton UD through time. Census tables with data for the Local Government District. A Vision of Britain through Time. Retrieved from http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/relationships.jsp?u_id=10003209&c_id=10001043
Greater Manchester County Record Office. (n.d.). Greater Manchester Gazetteer A. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20110718144214/http://www.gmcro.co.uk/Guides/Gazeteer/gazza.htm A
Young, R. (n.d.). Civic Heraldry of England & Wales. Retrieved from http://www.civicheraldry.co.uk/lancs_ob.html

Notes

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a. Local boards were set up to improve the sanitary condition of towns in England and Wales by placing responsibility for the supply of water, sewerage, drainage and so on under a single body.