Patent medicines


Bile Beans

Bile Beans was a laxative and tonic first marketed in the 1890s. The product supposedly contained substances extracted from a hitherto unknown vegetable source by a fictitious chemist known as Charles Forde.

Turlington’s Balsam

Turlington’s Balsam of Life was a patent medicine developed by English merchant Robert Turlington, patented in 1744.

Zam-Buk

Zam-Buk was a patent medicine produced by the Zam-Buk Company of Leeds, England, founded by Charles Edward Fulford. It was first sold by his Bile Beans company in 1902, as a herbal balm and antiseptic ointment.