The Clifton & Kersley Coal Company, or Clifton & Kearsley Coal Company, operated in Clifton and Kearsley on the south side of the Irwell Valley on the Lancashire CoalfieldThe Lancashire and Cheshire Coalfield in North West England was one of the most important British coalfields. Its coal seams were formed from the vegetation of tropical swampy forests in the Carboniferous period more than 300 million years ago.. Its collieries exploited the coal seams of the Middle Coal Measures of the Manchester CoalfieldPart of the Lancashire Coalfield. Some easily accessible seams were worked on a small scale from the Middle Ages, and extensively from the beginning of the Industrial Revolution until the last quarter of the 20th century.. John Heathcote sank pits in the 1730s, and in the 1740s he employed Matthew Fletcher, whose family had extensive interests in coal mining in the area. By the 1750s Fletcher owned the collieries.
The company owned the Newtown and Wet Earth Collieries in Clifton, Outwood Colliery in Outwood and Little Hey, Manor, Scowcrofts and Spindle Point Collieries in Kearsley. The Pilkington Colliery Company, started by Edward and Alfred Pilkington in 1867, bought the company in 1885. When coal reserves became depleted in the Irwell Valley the company started to sink a new pit to 890 yards (814 m) on the north side of the Bridgewater Canal in Astley in 1908 and Astley Green Colliery opened in 1912.
In 1896 the company employed 2,729 workers, 2,146 underground and in 1923 it employed 4,300 workers, nearly 2,000 of them at its newest colliery, Astley Green. In 1929 the company’s Astley Green, Outwood and Newtown Collieries became part of Manchester CollieriesCoal mining company with headquarters in Walkden, Lancashire, formed in 1929 by the merger of a group of independent companies operating on the Manchester Coalfield. .
Hayes, Geoffrey. Collieries and Their Railways in the Manchester Coalfields. Landmark, 2004.
Townley, C. H. A., et al. The Industrial Railways of Bolton, Bury and the Manchester Coalfield, Part One, Bolton and Bury. Runpast, 1994.
The technical storage or access is strictly necessary for the legitimate purpose of enabling the use of a specific service explicitly requested by the subscriber or user, or for the sole purpose of carrying out the transmission of a communication over an electronic communications network.
The technical storage or access is necessary for the legitimate purpose of storing preferences that are not requested by the subscriber or user.
The technical storage or access that is used exclusively for statistical purposes.The technical storage or access that is used exclusively for anonymous statistical purposes. Without a subpoena, voluntary compliance on the part of your Internet Service Provider, or additional records from a third party, information stored or retrieved for this purpose alone cannot usually be used to identify you.
The technical storage or access is required to create user profiles to send advertising, or to track the user on a website or across several websites for similar marketing purposes.