See caption
Victoria Tower
Source: Wikimedia Commons

The Victoria Tower, a landmark on Castle HillCastle Hill is a scheduled ancient monument overlooking Huddersfield in Kirklees, West Yorkshire. overlooking Huddersfield in West Yorkshire, was constructed as a permanent memorial for Queen Victoria’s Diamond Jubilee when she had reigned over the British Empire for sixty years. The tower was built on land owned by Sir John Ramsden. It opened on 24 June 1899.

Castle Hill is a scheduled ancient monument that includes the remains of occupation from Neolithic times. A univallate hillfort was built in the late Bronze Age or early Iron Age. It was developed into a multivallate hillfort later in the Iron Age. A motte and bailey castle was built in the 12th century and a medieval settlement in the castle bailey was subsequently deserted.[1]

Background


Tall square tower
Victoria Tower
Source: Wikimedia Commons

The design for the Grade II listed tower to celebrate Queen Victoria’s Diamond Jubilee was chosen in an open competition. The winning architect was Isaac Jones of London. The tower on a prominent hilltop was built instead of the alternative suggestion a public library.[2] Its foundation-stone was laid in 1898 on land belonging to Sir John W. Ramsden, lord of the manor. At a cost of £2,800, the tower is constructed of stone from Abbey and Hanson’s quarry in nearby Crossland Hill. The contractors were Ben Graham and Sons from Huddersfield.[3]

The tower is built in the castle’s inner ward.[4] While excavating its foundations, workmen came across a five-foot (2 m)square sinking, probably a well in the rock, but after digging to a depth of fifteen feet (5 m) work was abandoned, and the tower was resited to enclose the well.[3]

Structure

Jones designed a tower that is 20 feet (6 m) square at the base, 106 feet (32 m) high and when added to the height of the hill, rises to 1000 feet (305 m) above sea level.[3][5] The hammer-dressed stone walls are slightly battered[a]an intentional inward inclination[6] and rise to a crenellated parapet supported on corbels[b]Projecting supporting blocks[7] with decorative machicolations.[c]Openings between the corbels through which missiles could be dropped[8] The walls have single-light windows. The slightly higher turret above the parapet is corbelled out at the north-east corner.[2]

Pevsner’s The Building’s of England guide describes it as “Broad, heavy, square with battered walls rising to the embattled top which has a still higher embattled stair-turret”.[4]


Citations



Bibliography


Harman, R., & Pevsner, N. (2017). Yorkshire West Riding: Sheffield and the South.
Historic England. (n.d.). Victoria Tower, Castle Hill (1210385). Retrieved from https://HistoricEngland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1210385
Historic England. (n.d.). Castle Hill: slight univallate hillfort, small multivallate hillfort, motte and bailey castle and deserted village (1009846). Retrieved from https://HistoricEngland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1009846
The Builder. (1898). 1898 – Castle Hill Tower, Huddersfield, Yorkshire [database]. Retrieved from http://archiseek.com/2014/1898-castle-hill-tower-huddersfield-yorkshire/

Notes

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a. an intentional inward inclination[6]
b. Projecting supporting blocks[7]
c. Openings between the corbels through which missiles could be dropped[8]