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Grange Moor Google map
Source: Wikimedia Commons

Grange Moor was a tract of moorland more than 700 feet (213 m) above sea level that gave its name to a village that developed during the Industrial Revolution. Since 1974 if has been in the Kirklees district of West Yorkshire, England, six miles (10 km) from Huddersfield and nine from Wakefield. The village, a product of the Industrial Revolution, started to grow when the underlying coal was mined from shallow pits and a deep pit, Shuttle Eye Colliery was sunk in the 1850s.

An unusual landmark is the Dumb steeple, the village’s oldest structure. The east window of St Bartholomew’s Church, which was built in 1898, was damaged by bombs during the Second World War.

Geography


Grange Moor, on the road from Huddersfield to Wakefield, is situated on hilly land to the north of crossroads where the A642, A637 and B6118 roads meet. The village is six miles (10 km) from Huddersfield and nine from Wakefield. The B6118 connects it to Kirkheaton, the A637 to Flockton and Barnsley. The village is more than 700 feet (213 m) above sea level.[1] Coal mining and quarrying were once significant industries in Grange Moor.

History


The monks of Byland Abbey in North Yorkshire were granted land at Denby Grange in around 1200. In medieval times granges Monastic granges were outlying landholdings held by monasteries independent of the manorial system. They could be of six known types: agrarian, bercaries (sheep farms), vaccaries (cattle farms), horse studs, fisheries or industrial complexes. were part of the outlying landholdings held by the monastery for sheep grazing. Grange Moor was named at this time. The monks had left by the 14th century and after the dissolution of the monasteries the land was sold and sheep farming continued until the late 18th century.[2]

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Dumb steeple
Source: Wikimedia Commons

The village’s oldest standing structure is a curious folly, the Dumb steeple, which according to the plaque was re-built in 1776 by landowner, Richard H Beaumont Esquire of Whitley Beaumont.[3]

A failed attempt at uprising took place on Grange Moor in 1820, a time of mistrust in the political system, unrest and unemployment after the Napoleonic Wars and PeterlooThe Peterloo Massacre (or Battle of Peterloo) occurred at St Peter's Field, Manchester, England, on 16 August 1819, when cavalry charged into a crowd of 60,000–80,000 that had gathered to demand the reform of parliamentary representation. . On 1 April about 2,000 men in Huddersfield marched intending to take the town from the garrison, but dispersed when expected reinforcements did not arrive. On 12 April about 400 men with flags and arms from Barnsley, Dodworth and Monk Bretton, believing they were part of a postponed uprising, marched to Grange Moor expecting to be joined by others but found only 20 men from Huddersfield. Believing they had been betrayed the men fled and troops sent to confront them arrested 17 men.[4]

In 1820 Grange Moor was still open land.[4] The village was established after coal was discovered, and shallow mining began in the 19th century.[2] Clough Gate, Brown Hill and Square Pit were among the small coal pits and day holes that accessed the shallow seams.[5] The largest pit, Shuttle Eye CollieryA colliery on the South Yorkshire Coalfield at Grange Moor in West Yorkshire, between Wakefield and Huddersfield on the A642 road., was started in 1837, and its deep shafts were sunk in the 1850s by Benjamin Lockwood, the licensee of the Blacksmiths Arms public house at the crossoads.[6]

Grange Moor Brass Band was formed in 1854, possibly in connection with Shuttle Eye Colliery. The village school was established in 1879.[2]

St Bartholomew’s Church was built as a mission to Kirkheaton Parish Church in 1898, after services had been held in the village;[7] the first took place in the dressmaker’s cottage in 1894. Whitley Upper Urban District Council approved plans for the church building in 1897.[2] Several pieces from the church’s east window were blown out when a German bomber dropped its bombs during the Second World War.[7] Methodists had worshipped in Chapel Row from 1848 until 1878 when the Methodist Chapel on Briestfield Lane was built. It closed in 1996.[2]

Governance


Grange Moor was in the township of Whitley Upper in the ancient parishAncient or ancient ecclesiastical parishes encompassed groups of villages and hamlets and their adjacent lands over which a clergyman had jurisdiction. of Kirkheaton in the West Riding of Yorkshire. The township covered 1955 acres of fertile land and the hamlets of Whitley Upper and Denby Grange. The Beaumonts of Whitley Hall, descendants of a Knight Hospitaller of St John of Jerusalem, were granted the manor in the reign of Henry III. Also in the township was Denby Grange, seat of the Lister Kayes.[8]

Whitley Upper Urban DistrictAdministrative areas that had district councils and shared local government responsibilities with a county council. was established in 1894 and abolished on 1 April 1938 to become part of Kirkburton Urban District.[9][10]

Citations



Bibliography


Donnelly, F. (2007). The Yorkshire Rebellion of 1820: what caused it? Albion Magazine Online, 4(2). https://web.archive.org/web/20080919093017/http://www.zyworld.com/albionmagazineonline/yorkshire_rebellion.htm
Downes, E. (2016). Yorkshire Collieries 1947-1994. Think Pit Publications.
Kirkheaton Church. (n.d.). Brief History. Kirkheaton Parish. http://www.kirkheatonchurch.org.uk/who-we-are/history/history.php
Lewis, S. (1848). Whitley Upper. In A Topographical Dictionary of England (online, pp. 555–557). British History Online. https://www.british-history.ac.uk/topographical-dict/england/pp555-557#h3-0010
NHLE. (n.d.). The Dumb Steeple 100 yards to east of Dumb Steeple Farm. National Heritage List for England. https://historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1313290
Ordnance Survey. (n.d.). GRANGE MOOR, KIRKLEES (WF4 4EJ). Get Outside. https://getoutside.ordnancesurvey.co.uk/local/grange-moor-kirklees
Pattern, D. (n.d.). Whitley Upper. Huddersfield Exposed. https://huddersfield.exposed/wiki/Whitley_Upper
Pattern, D. (n.d.). Category:Coal pits, day holes and collieries. Huddersfield Exposed. https://huddersfield.exposed/wiki/Category:Coal_pits,_day_holes_and_collieries
Short, S. (n.d.). A Brief Village History. Grange Moor Matters. http://www.grangemoormatters.co.uk/a-brief-village-history.html
Vision of Britain. (n.d.). Whitley Upper West Riding. A Vision of Britain through Time. https://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/place/71/names