Chaddock Pit’s shafts were sunk around 1820 by the Bridgewater Trustees to the south of Chaddock Lane in Tyldesley on the Manchester CoalfieldThe Manchester Coalfield is part of the Lancashire Coalfield. Some easily accessible seams were worked on a small scale from the Middle Ages, and extensively from the beginning of the Industrial Revolution until the last quarter of the 20th century.. The underground workings were connected to the Leigh arm of the Bridgewater Canal at Boothstown Basin by the Chaddock Level, an extension of the Worsley Navigable LevelsAn extensive network of underground canals that drained the Duke of Bridgewater's coal pits emerge into the open at the Delph in Worsley, Greater Manchester..

After the Duke of Bridgewater’s death, Robert Haldane Bradshaw bought land at Booths Hall in Boothstown and the Chaddock Hall Estate in Tyldesley in 1810, leasing the mineral rights to the Bridgewater Trustees. Beneath those estates, the Worsley Four Foot mine was accessible. It was decided to drive a level from the Leigh arm of the Bridgewater Canal near Boothstown Bridge to intercept the Chaddock workings, and the level was subsequently driven further westward to the Queen Anne and Henfold Pits in Tyldesley. The Chaddock system was about three and a half miles (5.6 km) in extent.[1][2]

Chaddock Engine Pit had a 70 hp steam engine for pumping and Chaddock Coal Pit had a 14 hp winding engine. The shafts were 121 feet (37 m) deep. In 1837 Chaddock was the highest-rated coal mine in the Tyldesley township.[3] In 1840 the Chaddock Pits employed 54 colliers, 55 boys, 35 girls and 19 boatmen.[4] The extent of the navigable Chaddock Level in the Four Foot mine was 814 yards (744 m) to the west and 1178 yards (1,077 m) to the east, 1914 yards (1,750 m) west to Henfold Pit and 902 yards (825 m) west and 506 yards (463 m) east at Queen Anne Pit.[5] The pits worked from the Chaddock Level were closed by 1845.[6][7]

Citations



Bibliography


Atkinson, G. (1998). The Canal Duke’s Collieries Worsley 1760-1900. Neil Richardson.
Lunn, J. (1953). A Short History of the Township of Tyldesley. Tyldesley Urban District Council.
Townley, C. H. A. (1995). The industrial railways of Bolton, Bury and the Manchester coalfield. Part Two. Runpast.