Large pond in front of a house
The moat at Morleys Hall
Source: Wikimedia Commons

Morleys Hall, a moated hall converted into two houses, is situated at grid reference SJ 689 992 on Morleys Lane, on the edge of Astley MossAstley and Bedford Mosses are areas of peat bog south of the Bridgewater Canal and north of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway in Astley and Bedford, Leigh, England. in Astley, Greater Manchester, England. It was largely rebuilt in the 19th century on the site of a medieval timber house. The hall is a Grade II* listed building and the moat a scheduled ancient monument.[1][2] Morleys is a private residence.

History


The More-Leghe mentioned in documents in the early 13th century gave its name to the family who lived there until about 1381 when it passed to the Leylands. They remained at Morleys until the male line failed and it passed to the Tyldesleys through Ann Leyland who married Edward, second son of Thurstan Tyldesley of Wardley Hall in 1550.[3]

Thomas Leyland’s daughter, Ann, and Edward Tyldesley of Wardley Hall eloped from Morleys in 1547. Ann’s father was not in favour of the romance as Edward was a second son with no prospects of an inheritance. Ann was locked in her room but escaped through the window with an improvised rope and joined Edward who pulled her across the moat. They went to Wardley Hall and were married. The elopement became the subject of an unfinished poem by Branwell Brontë. Edward Tyldesley inherited Morleys in 1564.[4]

After the Reformation the family of Sir Thomas TyldesleySir Thomas Tyldesley (1612 – 25 August 1651) was a supporter of Charles I and a Royalist commander during the English Civil War., who were recusants, allowed Ambrose Barlow,Ambrose Edward Barlow (1585 – 10 September 1641) was an English Benedictine monk who is venerated as a saint in the Roman Catholic Church. a Catholic priest who ministered to those who kept the old faith in the Leigh parish, to say mass at Morleys. He was taken prisoner at Morleys on Easter Sunday 1641 by the Vicar of Leigh accompanied by a large mob and taken to Lancaster Castle where he was martyred.[5][6]

The Tyldesleys sold the hall to the Leghs of Chorley in 1755. The old hall and some land was bought by Josiah Wilkinson, who left it to his son John, the rest was purchased by Thomas Lyon. The Morleys estate was bought by Tyldesley Urban District CouncilTyldesley cum Shakerley Urban District and its successor, Tyldesley Urban District. was from 1894 to 1974 a local government district in Lancashire, England. In 1974 the urban district was abolished and its former area was transfered to the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan in Greater Manchester. in the early 20th century to build a sewage works.[3]

Structure


John Leland visited Morleys in 1540 and referred to the house as “an all timber building on stone foundations which rises six feet above the water of a great moat”.[2] The hall was extended and rebuilt at various times during the 16th and 17th centuries. The houses, in a U-shaped plan, were rebuilt in brick in the early 19th century retaining parts of the earlier timber frame. One house is built in Flemish bond brick and one in English garden wall bond.[2]

Moat


The moated site is scheduled monument which includes a slightly raised rectangular island measuring 46 metres by 34 metres. The waterlogged moat is between 12 and 15 metres wide and 3 metres deep fed by a spring from an inlet at the north-eastern corner and has an outlet at the south-eastern corner where it widens into a “Cheshire Bulge” probably a watering place for cattle. The island was originally accessed by a timber drawbridge replaced in late-medieval times by a brick and sandstone bridge. It is considered that archaeological evidence of earlier buildings will exist beneath the present house built in 1804 on the island.[7]

Citations



Bibliography


Brownbill (editors), W. F. and J. (1907). Astley. In A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 3 (pp. 445–449). Retrieved from http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=41365
Edward Tyldesley -1587. (n.d.). Peter Tyldesley. Retrieved from http://www.peterjtyldesley.com/tyldesley/pages/16/EdwardTyldesley1587.html
Morleys Hall (1318255). (n.d.). Historic England. National Heritage List for England. Retrieved from https://HistoricEngland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1318255
Morleys Hall moated site (1009340). (n.d.). Historic England. Retrieved from https://HistoricEngland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1009340
Morleys Hall Pastscape. (n.d.). Historic England. Retrieved from http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=73466
Sir Thomas Tyldesley 1612–1651. (n.d.). Peter Tyldesley. Retrieved from http://www.peterjtyldesley.com/tyldesley/index.html