See caption
Dunecht House in 2008

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Dunecht House is a stately home on the Dunecht estate in Aberdeenshire, Scotland. The house is protected as a category A listed building, and the grounds are included on the Inventory of Gardens and Designed Landscapes in Scotland, the national listing of significant gardens.

The original house was built in 1705 but it was replaced by William Forbes in 1820 when he commissioned John Smith John Smith (1781 – 22 July 1852) was a Scottish architect who contributed significantly to the architecture of Aberdeen. , the Aberdeen City Architect, to design a new house. It was further expanded starting in 1855. A fire in 1872 caused damage to the four-storey wing where the servants were accommodated.

The body of Alexander Lindsay, 25th Earl of Crawford, who died in 1880, was stolen from a vault in the private chapel in 1881. The theft was not discovered until a letter was received several months later providing the information. Extensive searches were carried out and it was eventually located in July 1882; it was later transported to Haigh Hall and re-buried in a family vault there.

Unoccupied from 1998 until 2012 while it was in the ownership of Charles Anthony Pearson, brother of the 4th Viscount Cowdray, it was purchased in 2012 by Aberdeen businessman Jamie Oag.

History


The barony of Echt had been owned by the Forbes family since 1469 and the original mansion house, built in 1705, was known as Housedale. The present mansion is located slightly to the south west of it.[1][2] In 1820 William Forbes commissioned the Aberdeen City Architect John Smith to design a replacement house in a basic two-storey Grecian inspired style. The house and lands were sold to James Lindsay, 24th Earl of Crawford in 1845[3] for £117,000.[4] His main family residence was Haigh Hall in Greater Manchester and it was under the instruction of Alexander Lindsay, 25th Earl of Crawford, his eldest son who succeeded him in 1869, that further extensive additions were made to the Dunecht mansion.[3][5] This phase of architectural work was undertaken by Smith’s son William and spanned from 1855–1859.[6]

Usually an annual ball was held at either Haigh HallHaigh Hall is a historic country house in Haigh, near Wigan in Greater Manchester England. or the family’s London home but in October 1871 it was hosted at Dunecht. Attendees included the Gordons from Cluny Castle Cluny Castle was originally built in about 1604 as a Z-plan castle replacing either a house or small peel tower. Sited in the parish of Cluny, it is south of Monymusk and north of Sauchen in Aberdeenshire, north-east Scotland. , the Abercrombies from Forglen HouseA mansion house that forms the centrepiece of the Forglen estate in the parish of Forglen, northwest of Turriff, Aberdeenshire, in the northeast of Scotland. , the Irvines from Drum Castle and many other dignitaries from throughout the north east.[7]

Additional internal renovations were commissioned around 1867 and undertaken by George Edmund Street.[8] A fire in early November 1872 caused some damage to the four-storey north west wing which housed servant quarters.[9]

Alexander Lindsay, 25th Earl of Crawford died in 1880 and his body was stolen in 1881.[8] His body had been removed from a burial vault within the private chapel[10] but the removal of the body was not discovered until several months later after a note signed ‘Nabob’ was received. After extensive searches the body was eventually found on 18 July 1882 near a gravel pit close to the house.[11] The body was later transported to Haigh Hall and buried again in the family vault.[12]

The estate was offered for sale in 1886 but remained unsold[8] until purchased by A. C. Pirie in 1900. Pirie added a new conservatory and dining room and also commissioned extra work on some of the estate buildings.[13] The mansion was leased to Weetman Pearson, 1st Viscount Cowdray in 1907. He bought the estate in 1912 going on to commission further significant extensions until 1920. These were undertaken by Aston Webb. Internal changes were undertaken commencing from 1924.[8] Lord Cowdray died in his sleep at the mansion on 1 May 1927 and is buried at Echt.[14] He was succeeded by his son, Harold Pearson, 2nd Viscount Cowdray who continued the internal renovations that were completed by c. 1932.[8]

It also has an observatory, built by James Ludovic Lindsay, the 26th Earl of Crawford[15] in 1872. Later, in 1888 he gifted his extensive library and all the observatory contents to the Royal Observatory, Edinburgh.[16]

Architecture


The original design for the mansion by John Smith in 1820 was constructed from granite, had a full basement, three main reception rooms.[1]

Initial extensions designed by Smith’s son built out to the west of the existing house. These incorporated a prominent Italianate tower in the style of Osborne House and canted bays on two gables. Large reception rooms were housed within these. The earlier part of the mansion had a new galleried staircase as well as other refurbishments made to it. A galleried staircase was added to the original part of the mansion and a porte-cochèreA porte-cochère, from the French meaning "coach door", also known as a coach gate or carriage porch, is a covered porch-like structure at a main or secondary entrance to a building that gives access to a vehicle while providing arriving and departing occupants with protection from the elements. in a Doric style graced the entrance.[3]

Gardens and wider estate


Like the mansion house,[8] the Tower lodges and gates at Loch of Skene are also category A listed.[17] Several other structures within the estate are designated category B including the lodges.[18] The formal gardens are sited to the west and south of the mansion and feature two large terraces designed by Aston Webb in the early 20th-century.[6]

The grounds are included on the Inventory of Gardens and Designed Landscapes in Scotland, the national listing of significant gardens.[19]

21st-century


The house was owned by Charles Anthony Pearson, brother of the 4th Viscount Cowdray,[20] although it was unoccupied from 1998 while remaining in his ownership.[21] It was marketed for sale in 2012[22] and purchased by Jamie Oag,[23] the owner of Spex Group and founder of Optima.[24]

Citations



Bibliography


Ashcroft, T. (2009). Crowned with the stars. WLCT. Retrieved from http://issuu.com/wlct/docs/pf51/9
Canmore. (n.d.). Dunecht House, Housedale. Retrieved from http://canmore.rcahms.gov.uk/en/site/18508/details/dunecht house housedale/
Farrer, W., & Brownbill (editors), J. (1907). A History of the County of Lancaster,  Volume 3. In Atherton (pp. 435–439). Victoria County History. Retrieved from http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=41363
Historic Environment Scotland. (n.d.). HS search results. Retrieved from http://portal.historicenvironment.scot/hes/web/f?p=1505:200:::NO:RP:SEARCH_UNDERWAY:1
Historic Environment Scotland. (n.d.). Dunecht House: Listed Building Report. Retrieved from http://data.historic-scotland.gov.uk/pls/htmldb/f?p=2200:15:0::::BUILDING,HL:3133,Dunecht%20House
Historic Scotland. (n.d.). Tower lodges and gates, Ref: 16505. Retrieved from http://data.historic-scotland.gov.uk/pls/htmldb/f?p=2200:15:0::::BUILDING,HL:16505,Dunecht%20House
Historic Scotland, GDL00153. (n.d.). Dunecht House. Retrieved from http://data.historic-scotland.gov.uk/pls/htmldb/f?p=2400:15:0::::GARDEN:GDL00153
Miller, D. G. (2007). Tudor Johnny: City Architect of Aberdeen: The Life and Works of John Smith 1781–1852. Librario.
Roughead, W. (1913). Twelve Scots Trials. W. Green & Sons.
Royal Observatory, Edinburgh. (n.d.). The Crawford collection at the Royal Observatory Edinburgh. Retrieved from http://www.roe.ac.uk/roe/library/crawford/
Staff writer. (2012, May 4). A-listed mansion on the market. Daily Mail (London). Retrieved from http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-288604117.html
Staff writer. (2012, October 28). Millionaire former mechanic. Daily Record. Retrieved from http://www.dailyrecord.co.uk/news/real-life/millionaire-former-mechanic-to-wed-stunning-1403859
Staff writer. (1927, May 2). Lord Cowdray: Captain of great industry. The Times.
Staff writer. (1872, November 6). Fire at Dunecht House. Aberdeen Journal, p. 7.
Staff writer. (1910, January 10). Sale of Dunecht. Aberdeen Daily Journal, p. 4.
Staff writer. (1871, October 11). Grand ball at Dunecht House. Aberdeen Journal, p. 6.
Tranter, N. G. (1972). The eastern counties: Aberdeenshire, Angus and Kincardineshire. Hodder General Publishing Division.
Tyler, R. (2013, September 15). Maths Men oust the Mad Men. Sunday Times.